By Joseph Epstein
By Cassandra Tate
We are living in an age while the cigarette is lower than nearly consistent assault. Few weeks move with out yet one more record at the dangers of smoking, or information of one other anti-cigarette lawsuit, or extra regulations on cigarette revenues, advertisements, or use. it is slightly wonderful, then, that little or no realization has been given to the truth that the US has traveled down this street before.
Until now, that's. As Cassandra Tate stories during this attention-grabbing paintings of historic scholarship, among 1890 and 1930, fifteen states enacted legislation to prohibit the sale, manufacture, ownership, and/or use of cigarettes--and no fewer than twenty-two different states thought of such laws. In offering the background of America's first conflicts with mammoth Tobacco, Tate attracts on quite a lot of newspapers, magazines, exchange courses, infrequent pamphlets, and plenty of different manuscripts culled from records around the nation. Her thorough and meticulously researched quantity is additionally attractively illustrated with a number of photos, posters, and cartoons from this bygone era.
Readers will locate in Cigarette Wars an engagingly written and well-told story of the 1st anti-cigarette circulate, relationship from the Victorian Age to the good melancholy, while cigarettes have been either legally limited and socially stigmatized in the US. revolutionary reformers and non secular fundamentalists got here jointly to diminish smoking, yet their efforts collapsed in the course of global struggle I, whilst thousands of squaddies took up the behavior and cigarettes started to be linked to freedom, modernity, and class. Importantly, Tate additionally illustrates how supporters of the early anti-cigarette stream articulated almost each factor that continues to be being debated approximately smoking at the present time; theirs was once no longer a failure of decision, she argues in those pages, yet of timing.
A compelling narrative approximately numerous clashing American traditions--old vs. younger, rural vs. city, and the overdue 19th vs. early 20th centuries--this paintings will entice all who're attracted to America's love-hate courting with what Henry Ford as soon as referred to as "the little white slaver."
By David Levinson
Positive aspects insurance of each local American tradition that exists this day within the usa and Canada. additionally, there's complete insurance of such different teams as Cajuns, African american citizens, Amish, Mormons and Latinos.
By Ayodeji Olukoju
Liberia has a powerful connection to the us in that it was once based by way of former slaves in 1822. even though Liberia had existed as an self reliant African kingdom and a logo of wish to the African peoples less than the rule of thumb of assorted colonial powers, its contemporary background has been bedeviled by way of a protracted upheaval following an army coup d'etat in 1980. during this context, the narrative highlights the uniqueness of Liberians of their negotiation of conventional indigenous and smooth practices, and the alterations wrought via Christianity and Western influences.
Download E-books Japan's Cultural Code Words: 233 Key Terms That Explain the Attitudes and Behavior of the Japanese PDF
By Boye Lafayette De Mente
Japan's Cultural Code Words is a research of eastern society during the knowing of the foremost phrases and ideas that outline their attitudes and behaviors.
Japan's conventional tradition remains to be so robust that it remains to be the present strength in molding and tuning the nationwide personality of the japanese, with the outcome that they nonetheless have faces—one glossy and rational, the opposite conventional and emotional.
The most sensible and quickest method to an figuring out of the normal and emotional part of eastern attitudes and behaviour is thru their "business and cultural code words"—key phrases that show, extensive, their psychology and philosophy. In 234 essays, prepared alphabetically from "Ageashi / Tripping by yourself Tongue" to "Zenrei / Breaking the Molds of the Past". long-term expatriate and the world over well known specialist on Japan, Boye Lafayette De Mente bargains own insights into the extremes of eastern habit and into the dynamics of 1 of the world's so much interesting societies.
This can be the tale of the way one courageous scientist unlocked the secret on the center of this so much feared of illnesses. This discovery was once made in Hong Kong at the start of the twentieth century, in the course of a deadly disease that threatened to decimate the island and, from there, the area. A stressful and scary race used to be run in appalling stipulations by means of rival scientists: Alexandre Yersin - rigorous, solitary, cerebral - and the clever Kitasaka, unscrupulous, enigmatic, careless. Spiced with anecdotes, evidence and chilling reconstructions, this research of the plague within the sleek global brings a few demanding evidence to mild.
Female "circumcision" or, extra accurately, woman genital slicing (FGC), continues to be a tremendous cultural perform in lots of African international locations, usually serving as a coming-of-age ritual. it's also a tradition that has generated overseas dispute and is still on the heart of debates over women's rights, the boundaries of cultural pluralism, the stability of energy among neighborhood cultures, overseas human rights, and feminist activism. In our more and more globalized global, those practices have additionally began immigrating to different countries, the place transnational complexities vex debates approximately the best way to get to the bottom of the issue.
Bringing jointly 13 essays, Transcultural Bodies provides an ethnographically wealthy exploration of FGC between African diasporas within the uk, Europe, and Australia. members examine alterations in ideologies of gender and sexuality in immigrant groups, the widespread marginalization of African women's voices in debates over FGC, and controversies over laws limiting the perform in immigrant populations.
Download E-books Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants: The Legacy of Colonial Encounters on the California Frontiers PDF
By Kent G. Lightfoot
Lightfoot weaves the result of his personal major archaeological learn at castle Ross, an incredible Russian mercantile colony, right into a cross-cultural comparability, exhibiting how those colonial ventures—one essentially mercantile and one essentially religious—contributed to the improvement of latest different types of local identities, social types, and tribal relationships. His vigorous account contains own anecdotes from the sphere and a provocative dialogue of the function performed through early ethnographers, resembling Alfred Kroeber, in influencing which tribes could finally obtain federal reputation. Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants takes a desirable, but troubling, examine California’s prior and its function in shaping the nation today.
Download E-books Cultureshock! Ecuador (Cultureshock Ecuador: A Survival Guide to Customs & Etiquette) PDF
CultureShock! Ecuador is a needs to for someone wishing to go to or settle in Ecuador. filled with crucial info, source publications, and language assistance, this e-book covers each practicality, and gives an in-depth knowing of the folk and tradition of this different state that is additionally identified for its Panama hats and plenty of species of turtles. develop into acquainted with Ecuadorian etiquette and comprehend the concept that of asi es los angeles vida (life is so). concentrate on the diversities among the Quechua, Huaorani, and Cayapas peoples and be totally ready in case you get sick to Chagas illness or malaria. CultureShock! Ecuador is the great advisor that might lead you thru the ups and downs of settling into lifestyles during this interesting nation and assist you to understand what it really potential to be in Ecuador.
Download E-books Common Places: Mythologies of Everyday Life in Russia (Library of African Adventure; 3) PDF
By Svetlana Boym
What is the "real Russia"? what's the courting among nationwide desires and kitsch, among political and creative utopia and daily lifestyles? Commonplaces of day-by-day dwelling will be excellent clues for these trying to comprehend a tradition. yet all who write tremendous books on Russian existence confess their failure to get accurately within Russia, to appreciate its "doublespeak."
Boym is a distinct advisor. A member of the final Soviet new release, the Russian an identical of our new release X, she grew up in Leningrad and has lived within the West for the earlier 13 years. Her publication presents a view of Russia that's traditionally proficient, replete with unforeseen element, and in every single place stamped with authority. Alternating research with own bills of Russian existence, Boym conveys the foreignness of Russia and examines its odd conceptions of personal existence and customary solid, of tradition and Trash, of sincerity and banality. Armed with a Dictionary of Untranslatable phrases, we step round Uncle Fedia asleep within the corridor, surrounded via a puddle of urine, and input the Communal residence, the principal show of the ebook. it's the break of the communal utopia and a different establishment of Soviet way of life; a version Soviet domestic and a breeding floor for grassroots informants. the following, privateness is forbidden; right here the population defiantly treasure their bits of "domestic trash," goals of ideological campaigns for the transformation (perestroika) of daily life.
Against the Russian and Soviet myths of nationwide future, the trivial, the normal, even the trashy, tackle a utopian measurement. Boym reviews Russian tradition in a wide experience of the note; she levels from 19th- and twentieth-century highbrow concept to paintings and pop culture. together with her we move jogging in Moscow and Leningrad, listen in on family existence, and notice jokes, motion pictures, and television courses. Boym then displays at the 1991 coup that marked the tip of the Soviet Union and evoked fin de siècle apocalyptic visions. The e-book ends with a poignant mirrored image at the nature of communal utopia and nostalgia, on homesickness and the disease of being home.